Wednesday, March 15, 2006

The Crucifixion—The Complete Picture

I've taken every detail found in all four crucifixion accounts and combined them into one complete crucifixion account. Each section of Scripture used has a footnote that you may view at the bottom of the page, or you can click it to see the entire passage at Bible Gateway. Christ's death always comes alive to me when I read about it, but I believe that reading it in its entirety with Matthew’s, Mark’s, Luke’s, and John’s input, brings even more clarity, excitement, and reverence to my heart when I experience it.

Matthew 27:32-56
Mark 15:21-41
Luke 23:26-49
John 19:17-37

A certain man from Cyrene, Simon, the father of Alexander and Rufus, was passing by on his way in from the country, and they forced him to carry the cross 1 behind Jesus. 2 A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed for him. Jesus turned and said to them, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children. For the time will come when you will say, ‘Blessed are the barren women, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!’ Then “ ‘they will say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!” ’For if men do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?" 3

They brought Jesus to the place called Golgotha (which means The Place of the Skull). There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall (myrrh 4); but after tasting it, he refused to drink it. 5
Two other men, both criminals, were also led out with him to be executed. When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified him, along with the criminals--one on his right, the other on his left. Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” 6

Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.” Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.” 7

The people stood watching, and the rulers even sneered at him. They said, “He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Christ of God, the Chosen One.”

The soldiers also came up and mocked him and said, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.” 8

Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and build it in three days, save yourself! Come down from the cross, if you are the Son of God!”

In the same way the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders mocked him. “He saved others,” they said, “but he can't save himself! 9 Let this Christ, this King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe. 10 He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’ ” 11

One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: “Aren't you the Christ? Save yourself and us!”

But the other criminal rebuked him. “Don't you fear God,” he said, “since you are under the same sentence? We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.”

Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.”

Jesus answered him, “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.” 12

When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.

“Let's not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let's decide by lot who will get it.”
This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which said, “They divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.” So this is what the soldiers did.

Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Dear woman, here is your son,” and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home. 13

It was the third hour when they crucified him. 14 From the sixth hour until the ninth hour darkness came over all the land. About the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?”--which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
When some of those standing there heard this, they said, “He's calling Elijah.” 15

…Knowing that all was now completed, and so that the Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” 16

Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a stick, and offered it to Jesus to drink. The rest said, “Now leave him alone. Let's see if Elijah comes to save him.” 17

When he had received the drink, 18 Jesus cried out in a loud voice 19 and said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit 20 and breathed his last. 21

At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook and the rocks split. The tombs broke open and the bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life. They came out of the tombs, and after Jesus' resurrection they went into the holy city and appeared to many people.
When the centurion and those with him who were guarding Jesus saw the earthquake and all that had happened, they were terrified, and exclaimed, “Surely he was the Son of God 22 (The Centurion, seeing what had happened, praised God and said, “Surely this was a righteous man.”23)!” When all the people who had gathered to witness this sight saw what took place, they beat their breasts and went away. But all those who knew him, including the women who had followed him from Galilee 24 to care for his needs, 25 stood at a distance, watching these things. 26 Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons. 27

Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,” and, as another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced.” 28

1 Mark 15:21-22
2 Luke 23:26
3 Luke 23:27-31
4 Mark 15:23
5 Matthew 27:34
6 Luke 23:32-33
7 John 19:19-22
8 Luke 23:35-37
9 Matthew 27:39-42
10 Mark 15:32
11 Matthew 27:43
12 Luke 23:39-43
13 John 19:23-27
14 Mark 15:25
15 Matthew 27:46-47
16 John 19:28
17 Matthew 27:48-49
18 John 19:30
19 Matthew 27:50
20 John 19:30
21 Luke 23:46
22 Matthew 27:51-54
23 Luke 23:47
24 Luke 23:48-49
25 Matthew 27:55
26 Luke 23:49
27 Matthew 27:56
28 John 19:31-37

1 comment:

Recovering said...

Nice. Thanks.